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开普敦2010会前报告

我们的领导力存在问题!——但是希望犹在!基于全球1000位基督徒领袖的问卷调查结果

作者: The Lausanne Leadership Development Working Group
日期: 10.06.2010
Category: 领袖培训

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翻译

可用的翻译版本:

最初发表于英语

编者按:这篇2010开普敦会议会前报告由简·欧沃斯特里特代表洛桑领导力发展小组撰写,是大会其中一场多主题分会讨论的话题概览,该主题为“如何培养新一代有基督样式的领袖”。 对本文的回应将通过“洛桑全球对话”网站反馈给作者和其他人,以帮助形成在会议上的最终报告。

1.       简介

我们的领导力存在问题!为了复兴普世宣教,这是一个亟待解决的问题!福音事工很成功,教会得以建立并开始兴旺,但随之而来被任命的领袖可能令人遗憾地拆毁了先前做建造的一切,所有的成果都付之东流——这种情况屡见不鲜。虽然每个故事会有不同的细节,但主要情节却非常相似。

洛桑领导力发展工作小组的建立就是为了回应这种对“有基督样式的领袖”的需要。这个工作小组的成员来自全球基督身体里不同的领域,都是资深的领袖,他们中很多人都特别专注于领导力发展。

我们首先对基督徒领袖做了一个问卷调查,询问他们自身与基督徒领袖相处的经历,他们眼中“有基督样式的领袖”所应有的样子,以及他们认为哪些方式能最有效地培养以基督为中心的领袖。

我们收集了来自七大洲的1031位领袖的回应。这些问卷调查的对象覆盖了广泛的年龄层次,不同的领导经验类型和领导经历。将近三分之一的被访者是女性。我们的问卷调查使用了五种语言,以便获得广泛的意见。

在调查过程中,有一个令人震惊的显著事实——我们的领导力有问题!首先,我们要来看被访者是如何定义“问题”的,其次是被访者如何定义“有基督样式的领袖”,最后我们还要看他们如何表述发展领袖的最佳模式,以此作为解决问题的部分方案。

(浏览更多问卷结果中的详细回答,请参见独立文件:“附录:领导力发展问卷调查”)

 2.       我们存在问题 !

我们关注一下我们周围对以基督为中心的领导力的呼声,显而易见的是,我们的世界里很多东西都远远地偏离了正轨。此次问卷的被访者可以毫不费力地定义出一个有基督样式的领袖的特征,但指出他们所工作过的很多领袖在这些方面都非常欠缺。

当被要求描述他们在领袖领导下最糟糕的工作经历以及这些领袖的品格特征,1000位领袖的回答如下:

  • 骄傲,自以为是,总是大老板
  • 缺乏诚信,不值得信任
  • 严厉,不懂得关心人,拒绝聆听,挑剔的

排名稍后一点的是:

  • 缺乏管理能力,不能使人们一起同工
  • 灵性不成熟,缺乏圣洁或祷告的见证

请记住,这些描述不是针对非基督徒领袖的,而是针对“基督徒”领袖的,或是那些自称为“基督徒”的人。很多时候,激发领导力的动机来自于野心和骄傲。我们相信我们可以比“他们”做得更好。我们便开始向其他人或向我们自己证明这一点。我们想要控制局面,因而要隐藏我们自身的不安全感和失败。这一类领导的结局往往是悲剧性的。 

调查者还用不同的方式问了被访者另一个相似的问题,但得到的结果是惊人的相似。他们问到:“在以下列表中,请选择在你所在的国家基督徒领袖所面临五个最大的问题。” 

出现频率最高的回答是“个人骄傲”,其次是“不诚信”,在此之后列表上的排名是“属灵争战”,“腐败”和“缺乏基础设施(Lack of Infrastructure)”。 

法语族群的领袖则将“贫困”、“缺乏基础设施”放在了前两位,然后是“个人骄傲”。 

与领袖们所要面对的贫困和腐败问题相比,对“个人骄傲”的强调是令人惊讶的。但仔细反省,这指出了“大老板”式领导力的恶习所造成的巨大伤害,这是完全违背耶稣的仆人式领袖的原则的。 

作有基督样式的领袖是一个很大的挑战,因为在任何处境里它都是与内在文化相对立的。它也是与我们内在自私的人性相对立的。它与我们的罪性是相对立的。 

而且,我们当中看起来很少有人经历过以基督为中心的领导力。我们几乎没有遇见过模范的领袖,是我们所渴望成为的那种领袖。也许这就是为什么如今我们如此渴望得到导师的辅导。 

3.       定义以基督为中心的领导力

要定义以基督为中心的领导力并不容易。它可能会带来潜在的神学争论。即使是领导力这个概念本身也是很难界定的。尽管有这些显而易见的挑战,我们还是尽量使之简单直接,以便澄清通常使用的术语。

最简单的来说,领导力过去常常被定义为“影响力”。如果这个定义是可以接受的话,我们就可以说以基督为中心的领导力等于“耶稣式的影响力”。我们或许可以停在这里,但“耶稣式的影响力”也需要更深层的定义。 

要描述“耶稣式的影响力”是什么样的,有一种方式就是来看耶稣的榜样,并且列出他在地上带领门徒时所展现出的特质。在这个全球1000名基督徒领袖参与的问卷调查中,排在前三位用来描述以基督为中心的领导力的特征是:

  • 信实,真诚,优秀的品质
  • 仆人的心,谦卑
  • 灵命成熟、聆听神的声音、持守圣洁并且时常祷告

接下来的是:

  • 杰出的人才管理技巧,有能力识别并发展他人的天赋
  • 圣经知识,神学基础扎实
  • 富有同情心的,好的聆听者,以人为导向而非以完成任务为导向

所以我们可以简单地得出这样的结论:一个以基督为中心的领袖就是一个具备上述这些特质且有影响力的人,并且他能使用这些特质来促进神国目标的实现。 

我们每个人天生都有一些才能和个性特征,然而,如果有人问类似这样的问题“领袖是天生的还是后天被塑造的?”,作为福音派基督徒我们相信所有人天生都是需要神恩典的救赎,所以无论一个人多么有天赋,他都不可能“天生”就是一个以基督为中心的领袖。 

最终的挑战是领袖们总是照他们的本相,出于他们的内心或者出于我们所说的一系列内在核心价值来进行领导。而要行出以基督为中心的领袖的品质,唯一可行的方法就是以基督为中心。当然要跨出以基督徒为中心的第一步就是要邀请基督进入你的生活。然而,当我们通读问卷调查的结果,我们发现做一个基督的信徒和做一个以基督为中心的领袖并非同义词。要成为一个以基督为中心的领袖是一项终其一生都远远不够的事业。 

我们必须提出这样的结论:以基督为中心的领导力不是一个要达成的目标,而是一趟终生行走的旅程。所以下一步我们就要问我们怎样才能获得这趟旅程的地图,最好的交通工具又是什么?

描述领导力发展的最佳实践方式

如果以基督为中心的领导力是一个目标而不是对每个人来说都是“自然而然的”,如果这是一项一生之久的事业而我们却又不能自行完成,那领导力发展要怎么实现?如何使基督徒领袖真正发展成“以基督为中心”的领袖?这是今天全球教会最具挑战也最令人困惑的话题之一。

 什么是领导力发展?

这个话题如此令人困惑的原因之一在于,几乎所有有助于个人成长、门徒训练、技巧和知识的方式都被有争议地称为“领导力发展”。从主日学野餐到神学院野餐都可能是领导力发展的一部分。导师辅导、互相督促的小组、专题讲座、基础圣经训练、管理执行会议、互动的成人教育——这张列表可能永无止境。 

在盲人与象那个古老的寓言里,如果你看不到整个大象,那无论你摸到大象哪个部分,都会呈现出一幅不同的画面。当你摸到象鼻时,你会认为大象一定像一条蛇。如果你摸到它的身体,你会认为大象更像一头河马。结果,就不太可能勾勒出一幅真实的关于领导力的图像,特别是当如此多的机构都声称他们重视“领导力发展”。因此,这个概念几乎已经丧失了原有的意义。

 这个困境又引出了另一个谚语——“怎样吃掉一头大象?”一次一口,那是当然!最好最有效的方法就是要把“领导力发展”这头大象分解成可以一口一口吃的程度,这也能帮助我们更清楚地看清这头大象的全貌。这带出了领导力发展的两个问题:(1)你所想要努力实现的是什么, 以及(2)你要和谁一起努力实现? 

用这个方法,所有领导力发展的努力可以变成一个简单的二维矩阵:(1)轴1:要实现的目标(例如:要学习的内容或者要发展的品格特质),(2)轴2:目标受众。一方面,在你的项目、学校或课程中,有哪些以基督为中心的领导特质是要努力去发展的?哪些内容是你要教学的?另一方面,你努力发展的对象是谁?是青少年,圣经学者还是神学院校长?在这个群体的处境中,最好的发展方式和手段是什么? 

在了解这些信息后,就可以开始着手准备计划如何实现这一类型领导品格发展,或者要向这一群体传授的知识。如何发展一个蒙古青少年的诚信与如何帮助一个堪萨斯州的牧师学习希腊语是完全不同的两件事。但这两件事都是在基督身体里的需要,都是有效的,而且都是“领导力发展”。 

什么是最重要的主题?

我们对更多更好的领导力发展的呼声不断,但对于“领导力发展应该是什么样的”却很难达成一致。为了避免把问题扩大,领导力发展工作小组将目标缩小到发展“以基督为中心的领袖”。 

对基督徒领袖的调查问卷帮助我们聚焦于一些主题、品格和必备知识。基督徒领袖要成为有基督样式的领袖需要优先具备以下特质:

  • 诚信,真诚,优秀的品格
  • 仆人的心,谦卑
  • 灵命成熟、聆听神的声音、持守圣洁并且时常祷告
  • 杰出的人才管理技巧,有能力识别并发展他人的天赋
  • 圣经知识,神学基础扎实
  • 富有同情心的,好的聆听者,以人为导向而非以完成任务为导向

如果我们尝试区分品格和知识,那么清单将会很长很长,操作起来会变得很困难。举例来说,清单第一项,我们从“诚信”开始。诚信当然是一种品格,而不仅仅是客观的知识。品格基本上不是在课堂里发展的,而是通过生活阅历、导师、榜样和承担责任来学习的。

但彻底理解和发展诚信也需要知识。例如,人们会想要学习圣经对诚信的教导。假如一个领袖想要在他或她生活的各个方面都做到诚信,那就得学习许多其他深入的课题,例如婚姻与家庭、钱财管理、以及如何制止腐败。这就是为什么领袖发展需要复杂和终生的努力,也是为什么它需要许多的方法技巧。

如今我们要从哪些课题开始?

当1000名领袖被问及:“如果你现在有机会学习一门领导力发展的课程,你最有兴趣上的是什么?”他们的优先选择包括: 

l  导师辅导/员工训导

l  领袖的祷告与个人生活

l  人才管理

l  解决冲突

l  战略计划

领导力发展的第一步是从“觉得有需要”开始,或者从领袖们感觉到缺失什么和需要什么开始。成年的学习者会更自发地学习他们认为所需要的并且能立即应用。因为领袖们都是大忙人,时间有限,这一点就显得更切实。如果某一课题不是他们所急需的或是非常感兴趣的,他们很可能不会投入必要的时间。 

从另一个角度来看这个受教成为领袖的关键课题,我们要问另一个问题:“在目前你居住的国家里,基督徒领袖不能很好地完成以基督为中心的领袖的使命,你认为什么是最常见的原因?”被访者可以选三个选项。十个选项中排名前五项的是:

l  精疲力竭(360次)

l  滥用权力(360次)

l  资金使用不当(354次)

l  过分的骄傲(353次)

l  属灵生命缺乏成长(349次)

排名第六的是“性犯罪”,292次被选。

如何最好地培养领袖,这一问题的复杂性是显而易见的。如果“精疲力竭”是领袖失败的最大原因之一,那么解决方案是什么?是不是更好的时间管理,更好的委派技巧,更好的工作神学的观念,对神更好的理解,更好地明了自己的文化,更好的自我观念,更好的理解神的爱,或是以上所有的?一份可能的原因和回应的列表会越列越长,所有的都很重要!

在这趟走向有基督样式的领导力的旅程里,一份重要课题的列表是任何领袖都必须考虑的。圣经知识和神学,领导力和管理训练,灵命塑造和品格发展是这份列表中交叉最多的三个领域。

对于一个领袖来说,要决定哪些是领导力发展最重要的课题,这在任何时候都更像是一门艺术,而非一门科学。它取决于个体的个性和天赋,他或她过去的经历和受过的训练,以及他或她目前处境中的需要。简而言之,就是所有的领袖在人生的各个阶段都需要在上述各个领域持续成长。

哪些领导力发展的方式方法是最好的?

根据不同语言群体得到的调查结果,只有少数几个回答是有差异性的,其中一个就是“你希望接触过什么类型或形式的领导力发展机会?”调查结果呈现少有的语言族群差异性。

该问题的问答选项是:辅导、课堂教学、专题讲座、书籍、员工回馈、与同辈非正式的交谈、网络资源、互相督促的小组、观察他人、目前没有合适选项及其他。

英语族群的回答是:

  • 辅导
  • 互相督促的小组
  • 与同辈非正式的交谈
  • 专题讲座

西班牙语族群的回答是:

  • 辅导
  • 员工回馈
  • 专题讲座
  • 与同辈非正式的交谈

法语族群的回答更不同:

  • 专题讲座
  • 辅导和课堂教学并列
  • 书籍
  • 网络资源

或许这也暗示了我们在每个处境中有哪些方式是不太适用的。或许也告诉我们,在领导力发展中有哪些不同的文化价值或者他们认为是重要的。

或许要从中剔除一种重要的观念:没有任何一种领导力发展的类型和机会是应该在所有处境中都予以重视的。相反,一系列很好的机会的,对于领袖成长并持续成长,在有基督样式的领袖的不同品质上成长来说是无价。

正规教育与非正规教育

过去很多时间都被浪费在了争论是在神学院和圣经学院训练更重要更好还是在非正式的训练更重要更好。这实在是一个错误的争论点。现实是所有领导力发展的方法在每一个可能的处境里都有需要。有些方法只是在特定处境中比另一些更有效或是取得了一些不同的果效。

有一项庞大的教育学领域的研究是针对最有效的方法和有效改变行为的学习,该项覆盖世俗世界也覆盖基督教世界的研究已经完成。本报告篇幅所限,不足以扩展开来谈论这些话题。

让我们非常简单快速地浏览一下这个论题,我们很清楚地发现,传统课室里的讲座式教学对改变大量主旨性的品质是非常有用的。此外,激发学习者完成课业,衡量个体所学到的内容,记录他在这一领域的成果并与他人交流,可以获得学位的持续学习在上述几个方面都非常有效。学位项目主要是通过讲座进行的,特定的受众可以在此接触到领导力发展领域的重要成果。

随着在品格发展、门徒训练、世界观和塑造核心价值等方面的不断成长,经验学习也是很重要的部分。但不是所有的经验教育或是成人互动教育都有相同的价值。要使学习达到最高效,就要求这样的积极学习者:

l  一个想要并且需要改变的人

l  一个愿意尝试新事物,并将其应用到他或她生活和工作处境中的人

l  一个当他或她尝试了以后想要得到反馈的人

l  一个通过观察结果而有机会从中得出意义的人

到目前为止,有机会参与这一类经验学习的领袖或学习者都有很大的机会切实改变他或她的信念和行为。杰出的领导力发展必须包括获得信息,但要超越获得信息,还要包括这一类经验学习。

处境或学习环境

学习环境也是领导力发展的重要因素之一。所处的处境可以培养深度的学习,或者仅仅是将领袖与他或她的成员隔离开来,长此以往领袖就变得与他们的处境没什么相关了。

适当的互动学习模式可以是在神学院的教室里,或只是在一棵树下。精彩的课堂讲座可以将知识通过网络传递,也可以将知识从餐桌的一端传到另一段。学习环境可以提高或是降低学习效率,但最终它只是需要考虑的因素之一。

最重要的是从一开始就将结果牢记于心。确定哪些内容是最重要的,能使目标受众获得所期望的结果。然后检查可能的方法,选择一种或多种能帮助领袖达到成长目标的最有效方法。确定可用的最佳学习环境并且好好利用环境。

在一个适于激发学习潜力的环境中,聚焦于你的目标受众,并且提供最相关的内容,使用最好的方法尽可能的达到预期结果。当这些因素都综合起来时,圣灵会使用它们,确保基督徒领袖能朝向基督的样式发展——如果他们愿意的话。

4.领导力发展中的管家职分

没有人拥有无限的资源。例如,即使有人拥有全世界所有的财政资源,他或她的时间总是有限的。因此,当有一系列均衡理想的成长机会时,应该在其中哪些机会上花最多的时间、注意力和资源呢?我们怎样才能做我们所有有限资源的好管家呢?同样,答案也不简单。

在问卷调查中,我们问领袖们:“哪五个答案是最可以解释为什么以基督为中心的领袖是那么的少?”占绝对多数的回应是:

1.所谓的“领导力训练项目”并没有真正预备领袖进入现实世界去领导。他们值得信任,却不能领导。(786人中的316人选择了这个答案)

数量很接近的第二个回答是:

2.目前的领袖不会允许新人得到发展。(786人中的212人选择了这个答案)

排名三、四、五的是:

3.领袖的处境非常复杂且很具挑战,很少有复合型人才可以驾驭这样的状况(93)

4.人们情愿委任一个已经在做三、四个事工项目的负责人,而不是一个全时间但年轻、不出名的人。(92)

5.教会缺乏好的领袖,因为与在NGO或世俗工作的领袖相比,教会给领袖的薪酬很少。

所以很大一部分被调查的责任领袖认为,现今我们通过已有项目所做的领导力培训项目是很糟糕的!尽管领袖拒绝鼓励年轻的领袖是因素之一,但他们认为低收入、年龄、角色复杂性并不是主要问题。我们目前在领导力培训方面的努力是要改变和改善。

这是一个从具有广泛代表性的基督徒领袖中看到的严肃的衰败迹象。这应该带给我们这些在领导力发展领域工作的人有很深的提醒。我们必须在未来做得更好。我们必须停止认为:没有任何一种领导力发展的类型和机会是应该在所有处境中都予以重视的。而我们必须努力使得每一个地理处境中的领袖都获得最广泛最需要的机会,以便他们持续向着有基督样式的领袖目标成长。

拥有基督样式的领袖并不是奢求而是必需的。为领袖提供成长机会,这对于一个健康、有活力、转型和倍增的教会来说是极其重要的。我们必须作各种有效资源的更为聪明的管家,因为在很多地方,教会的未来正濒于险境。

如果我们不主动发现,努力提供,促进并倍增全球领导力发展的最佳机会,那结果将是很悲惨的。糟糕的领导力带来的难以置信的后果将会阻滞福音的广传。让我们一起努力,确保每个领袖都有机会在他或她所需要的领域朝向有基督样式的领袖的目标来成长。

© The Lausanne Movement 2010

汉语 Translation by: LGC_Translation
关于多语种功能 | 提议编辑翻译

关键词: 领导力发展,基督像,调查,问题,自豪感,正直,仆人,多样的培训,成果,受众,影响力,精神成熟度,性格,技能,谦逊,旅程,管理,学习,领导不力,教育,策略

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PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 Elizabeth_B (0)
美国

So often there is a lack in general leadership within our societies today. This overall lack of leadership creates  an even harder avenue for the Christ centered leadership to arise. We can be the Christ centered leadership. This article is blunt in what they see the common flaws and successes of Christ centered leaders today, and for that I applaud. The task of leadership comes with great responsibility, and adding the Christ centering aspect, that we are commissioned by God does not make it easier. However, Christ centered leadership, can happen, does happen and needs to happen. 


08.09.2011
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 willie_williams (0)
美国
@ Elizabeth_B:

I agree with you Elizabeth, and I often pray that each time we hear of some leader falling from grace that it won’t put up a sheild between futher followers and futher leaders.


29.04.2012
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 pastort (4)
美国

In our day and time godly leadership is needed more than ever.  To Look at the church as a whole it seems that many people are falling away from their faith because of their experience with inept leaders.  As a pastor for more than sixteen years, I have seen many churches testimony take a beating because of the failure of their leaders to live godly lives before the congregation and community.  The result of these failures can be seen through the continued decrease in church attendance and participation along with a decline of trust and respect for spirtual leaders in the pulpit.  Thank you for highlighting a topic for discussion that is so relevant for christian leaders today, that will challange us to stay in the word, preach and teach sound biblical truths and lastly to walk the walk before our congregants and community. 


02.10.2011
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 Elizabeth_B (0)
美国
@ pastort:

How do we then, as pastors, who we both want to portray the gospel in the most positive light possible, by our word and deeds, help build or rebuild, for that matter, leaders to live Godly lives? If our entire purpose is to be light unto the world and be a city on a hill, is there a way that we can relight old cities to have a Christ centered focus? 


We are each have the capability with God’s grace, to do great things for his glory, are there ways, through mentorship, discipleship or other ways that you have found that these great things can occur more often to prevent such a rapid decline in our churches today? 


06.10.2011
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 willie_williams (0)
美国
@ pastort:

I understand how a pastor or church leader can cause a person or in some cases many people to leave the church, it happened to me at a early age.


29.04.2012
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 triedstone1009 (2)
美国

Thank you for this article. Christ-like leadership is much needed in our socities today. We say we love the Lord, but find ourselves following our own agendas and not the biblically sound scriptures that made leadership so effective in times past. As pastor of a congregation that is so loving and works hard for the church, I get somewhat disappointed when I look at the leadership that has come through the church and now find myself pastoring a people where the church building can fall at any moment. Just a few days ago, I stood in the old church and asked the lord what happened in this situation. My answer came in this way, "Others fix up and repair and beautify their own dwellings, and yet my house set in ruins". Somewhere leadership was not effective, and I believe that Christ-centered leadership is not what the Lord can do for me, but what is it that I can do to further kingdom growth. Thank you for this article that encourages me to be steadfast, unmoveble, listen and love God’s people and be the besst you can be. To God be the glory.

Reggie


10.07.2011
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 glennawilliams (0)
美国

Let me such say from the outset, how refreshing it was to see that this paper was based on responses from 1,037 participants representing seven continents in five languages, rather than merely based on first-hand observations and set of assumptions adhered to by the author. For this reason, I was extremely interested in what was shared.

By way of overview, I have bulleted the key points and added my comments under each one –

  • We have a leadership problem that is inhibiting effective evangelization, specifically leadership succession issues

It seems that no matter which direction one looks, there is a leadership vacuum, whether that is in a ministry, not-for-profit or commercial context. Although culture and geography certainly will impact the nature and severity of a leadership problem, there is no single culture inoculated from ineffective leadership – West or East. The inability of current leaders to see beyond their own respective leadership terms prevents them from establishing a clear leadership succession plan. Other problems that contribute to this include – 1) Pride and the inability to give up power 2) Lack of skills to identify and develop existing and emerging leaders and 3) Lack of understanding regarding what leadership model or paradigm could be explored further for application to a given culture and set of challenges. Certainly, while these issues exist, it becomes more cumbersome to appoint the right leaders and see subsequent generations of leaders build on the work completed by their predecessors

  • Top five pressing issues were – 1) Personal Pride 2) Lack of Integrity 3) Spiritual Warfare 4) Corruption and 5) Lack of infrastructure. The French group listed “poverty” as their #1 issue

It is interesting that #1-4 have more to do with the leader as a person. Some would argue that I have misplaced #4 (Spiritual Warfare), however, it is closely linked to the spiritual maturity and prayer life of the leader. A Christian leader cannot afford to ignore spiritual realities by depending more heavily on other personal qualities and gifts.  Lack of infrastructure is also deeply impacted by #1-4. If others perceive there are pride, integrity, spiritual and corruption issues, then there is less likelihood for the leader to obtain the support and resources that others would otherwise be willing to make available.

  • Consensus on what Christ-centered leadership is, but many fall short. Many characteristics were agreed based on the reading of the gospels, but the top five characteristics of “Jesus style influence” were 1) Integrity 2) Authenticity 3) Character, 4) Servant’s Heart and 5) Humility

It seems we all are sensitive to the failures of others, especially when they directly impact us. I found it fascinating that there was consensus about what constituted Christ-centered leadership, and wide acknowledgement that we nearly all fall short of that, albeit in different ways. Having gone through seminary, studied to be a psychologist and worked in senior executive leadership positions for a global ministry, I must say there has been very little attention given to training and teaching potential leaders in the areas of integrity, authenticity, character, servanthood and humility. It seems we know what they are, but lack the ability to teach them or impart them to others. Perhaps it comes back to the old adage that, “values are caught, not taught.” We simply need more leaders to model for the next generation what Christ-centered leadership looks like. There is no doubt that this is not an event, but a journey.

 

  • There is much debate over what should be the primary content for developing leaders (differentiation between character qualities and knowledge). The top five needs for content centered on: 1) Mentoring/coaching/prayer 2) Personal Life of a Leader 3) People Management 4) Conflict Resolution and 5) Strategic Planning

I liked the way the paper sought to differentiate between knowledge and character. I think this was insightful. Although knowledge is certainly valuable in understanding what leadership qualities people are looking for, and what is necessary for effective leadership, the mere impartation of knowledge does not automatically transform itself into character per se. Again, it is a journey of spiritual discovery and maturity, not all of a sudden acquired in one single event. Naturally, any existing or emerging leader will benefit from the wisdom and maturity of having a mentor walk alongside, exploring and evaluating teachable moments as they arrive, sometimes very ingloriously and depised!

  • Respondents chose the following five most frequent causes of failure in Christian leaders from a list of ten: 1) Burn-out 2) Abuse of Power 3) Inappropriate use of finances 4) Inordinate Pride and 5) Lack of Growth in their Spiritual Life

Again, against this backdrop, the author highlights the complexity of how to best grow leaders. “Is it better time management, better delegation skills, a better theology about work, a better understanding of God, a better insight into one’s culture, a better self-concept, a better understanding of God’s love, or all of the above?”

Through the responses of the survey participants, the author has raised relevant concerns about the need for Christ-centered leaders, the nature of leadership, the difference between developing character and imparting knowledge, and in the latter part of the paper identified key learning environments that may help towards this end.

One thing is clear. There is a leadership vacuum. Who will stand up and model Christ-centered leadership to emerging leaders of subsequent generations? And organizationally, how much are willing to invest into this effort?

#dmingml

#capetown2010

可下载的附件


21.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 Prayman (2)  
美国

There certainly is a critical need to develop servant leaders.  Are their resources/curriculi available that present models of experience based teaching models?  I am involved in a first year start up school of omissions where we are endeavoring to train future missionaries, missions mobilizers, and mission leaders.


16.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 Prayman (2)  
美国

There certainly is a critical need to develop servant leaders.  Are their resources/curriculi available that present models of experience based teaching models?  I am involved in a first year start up school of omissions where we are endeavoring to train future missionaries, missions mobilizers, and mission leaders.


16.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 WilliamWestfall (0)
美国

Thank you to Jane, and the Lausanne Leadership Development Working Group for their contribution.
I respectfully must express my disappointment with the advance paper, however.  Please allow me to explain.
While I do not disagree with the findings, nor do I disagree with the need to discuss the current specific deficiencies in leadership, I am concerned that we are not asking questions concerning, and probing into the topic of, what God might be doing in the current generation of young leaders to rectify this situation.
This present generation of young Christians, and emerging leaders of the church, are passionately driven to engage the world with the love of Christ (missional living) and to create restorative solutions to the greatest problems facing our world today (poverty, human trafficking, oppression of many forms).
Yes, we have a problem. But much of the problem may lie in an aging leadership within the church, and the pridefulness of this group (as your own studies reveal) as they ignore the cries of the youth of our world, denying our youth the opportunity to lead by the power of the Spirit at work within them.  
Conversely, lest I be misunderstood as one-sided, the "entitled" attitude of this new generation is also in need of humility, and the manifold wisdom Christ and his church.  
Together, as the whole Body of Christ, may we find, by the grace of God, a way forward on this most crucial topic of discussion.  


16.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 RagamuffinRese (3)  
美国

Thanks for unpacking some extensive and sobering statistics with clarity and grace.

It seems that much of the present situation has been the fruit of business management principles wrapped up in Scripture and then passed off as “biblical leadership.” 

Searching for “Christ-centered leadership” provides an important distinctive as its locus is the person and work of Jesus Christ.  This not only encompasses the historical work of Christ in the redemption of the leader but (hopefully) His ongoing regeneration and renewal as that leader tends and feeds His sheep.

The need for community as a leader cannot be overstated.  Not to be the first among equals but the least among servants.


16.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 takasho (0)
台湾(中华民国)

Thank you Jane, you do a very good paper about sharing this problem.
I agree that  there are more enough good people in our church but not
so many ’GOOD’ leaders in there.
Maybe to give more chance to the ’Young’ or high fliers is the best solution.


16.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 jesus_loves_children (0)
埃及

ِexcellent piece. I thought that in the third world and muslim countries we have different problems. But after reading your paper I realized.... Human beings are the same all over the world


14.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 Deborah_M (0)  
美国

Thank you Jane for taking the time to put this paper together. It shows us once again how much there is a need for intercessors on behalf of leadership! I know I need to be spending more time in prayer with all of this as well. People can be aware of what it means to be a "Christ-like leader," but seeing an actual change in people’s lives and making the right decisions/choices on a daily basis, is the difficult part. 

As a younger leader, it has been a burden for me to see how many other younger leaders turn away from leadership, because of some of these statistics that you stated. OR they don’t end up wanting the responsibility that goes with the title of a "leader", once they really find out what it all entails. OR they see the burned out leaders, etc and don’t want to turn out like them, so they pull away from leadership all together. I’ve seen it happen time and time again. 

I can still remember when I really began to evaluate my style of leadership and how I was handling situations. I was 21 yrs old and I had this girl say that she would never want to be me. We were good friends, but I was also her leader and when she went more in depth as to why she wouldn’t want to be me, I found out that it was because I was always busy, stressed and had so much responsibility and she didn’t want to have to deal with all of that.

It really got me thinking about what kind of leader I was portraying. Even if I was tired and had to much going on, that’s NOT the first thing they should see! It REALLY challenged me and that’s where I feel like I began trying to live more of a "Christ-centered leadership" life-style. Not that I had been neglecting my relationship with the Lord, or anything like that, but it challenged me to be aware of what others saw in me first, where my priorities were at, how much I was trying to do in my own strength, how I was leading out and what the most evident thing in my life was. If we’re supposed to be striving to be "Christ-like", then others SHOULD want to be like us. So, it was a HUGE turning point in my life and I continue to ask God to convict me, or show me how I can change and be the leader that He wants me to be. 

I liked how you expressed this: "Christ-centered leadership is not a goal to achieve, but rather a lifetime journey to undertake."

I appreciate all you have shared and it helps to even know how to pray more specifically for leaders and the type of leaders that need to be raised up. It’s not easy, but it is a HUGE need. I know there’s hope for change, but I have to continue to pray that people will make the right choices and apply what they learn. Even those that have been set in their ways for so many years. When younger leaders can see an intentional change in the lives of the leaders above them, besides just talking about it, it makes a HUGE difference. 


14.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 1 支持 反对 Knud_Jorgensen (2)  
挪威

Interesting survey, but are there no positive and encouraging stories and examples to tell about? If I were young, this survey and your interpretation would make me lose hope from the very outset.

Another matter: On p.3 you say that one cannot be born a Christ-centered leader no matter how gifted one might be. Yes, but is it not conceivable that the Spirit sometimes takes a natural gift and puts it on fire and in that way transforms it into a spiritual gift? So why only paint the gloomy picture? Are not also our natural gifts gifts from the Lord?


14.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 Sarah_Breuel (0)  
意大利

Thank you for sharing this research and for this refreshing paper! I question that still remained with me as I read it was regarding the target audience. Even though it is stated that the “target” was “Christ-centered leaders”, that it is still very broad… Maybe a more defined audience in terms of scope with help further the discussion. Blessings as you prepare for next week!


13.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 Sarah_Breuel (0)  
意大利

Thank you for sharing this research and for the refreshing paper! A question that still remained with me as I read it was regarding the target audience. Even though it is stated that the “target” was “Christ-centered leaders”, that it is still very broad… Maybe a more defined audience in terms of scope will help further the discussion. Blessings as you prepare for next week!


13.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 kairosfish (4)  
马来西亚

We have uncountable leadership workshops and seminars that sharpen the skills but where are the Christ-like leaders, vulnerable and transparent, who are willing to walk with us and show us the essence of leadership? 


10.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 Ishak_Sukamto (1)  
印度尼西亚

It’s has been so long when we entry leadership discourse our eyes look upon how worldly, secularism, and what so called ‘professionalism’ define about who leader is. We expect leaders who could compete with this world and even with other churches and christian organization and put this kind of leader in christendom. From leader, we demand more capacity, ability, capability than spirituality, humility, integrity dan simplicity. then we short of leaders.

How about Christ-Like Leader, with availability for sacrifice, suffering, may a looser, not famous, but faithful and humble ? 


08.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 1 支持 反对 Maryedemuth (3)   
美国

What a blessing to have those statistics and concerns mapped out like that. I agree that we have a leadership void. It’s odd that in the US where we practically worship leadership, we still don’t see much of biblical leadership touted (sacrifice, humility, integrity). More often it’s about leading people in such a way so that a corporate entity can make more money.


07.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 Tudor_Griffiths (1)  
联合王国

We have a leadership problem indeed, but then in the terms set out in this paper, so did the church in the first century and in every century since. The amazing thing is that God uses fallible leaders to accomplish his work. A Biblical and historical perspective can perhaps give us a little more hope.

Maybe it helps to distinguish spiritual and structural factors in leadership development. Learning skills and developing character each require a different methodology. Spiritual development is necessary in every context, but the specific skills may vary within different church and cultural contexts.


07.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 jackrobinson (0)
美国

Thanks for the presentation of the survey and your comments, Jane.  Very helpful.  


06.10.2010
PhContributeBy
回复 标记 0 支持 反对 Ndidi_Sam-Woruka (0)  
尼日利亚

This subject is dear to my heart. There is a huge generational gap of deliberate and sacrificial mentoring by older Christian leaders, targeted at raising emerging Christian leaders. This has contributed greatly, in my opinion, to the crisis the Church is facing in this regard and has continued to increase the hunger for mentoring today among emerging Christian leaders.

What distinguishes a Christian leader is Christ-centered influence, emanating from his/her character or if you like internalized core values (walking your talk, living and leading like Jesus), which I agree are developed through life experience, mentors, classroom training, models, accountability, etc. As a YL, I have in the course of my Christian walk related with several older Christian leaders at various levels and fronts and have had very enriching and also not so good encounter.

It’s a mixed feeling in my view; the oldies are too busy to make out time to mentor the youngies, they lord it over them and are more inclined to using the people to accomplish the task than raising people to accomplish the task. The youngies, like orphans, struggle to develop themselves through every other available option (experience, bible school, etc), and to influence their successors.

The time has come for all hands to be on deck toward ensuring that every Christian has the opportunity he/she needs to grow and keep growing towards Christ-like/centered (selfless and sacrificial) leadership.


05.10.2010
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