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Contextualization of the Word in a Diverse World

Author: Dr.Emmanuel M. Luna
Date: 06.07.2010
Category: Cities

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Contextualization of the Word in a Diverse World

The world has grown dramatically that could be unimaginable among those who lived one thousand years ago. In the year 1000, the aggregate population of the top 10 cities that include Cordova, Kaifeng, Constantinopole, Angkor, Kyoto, Cairo, Baghdad, Nishapur, Hasa and Anhivada was only 2.14 million. In 2015, the total population of the top ten cities is projected to be 205.8 million, about 10,000% increase. In 1900, eight of the most populated cities were from the west: London, New York, Paris, Berlin, Chicago, Vienna, Manchester and Philadelphia. The other two are Tokyo and St. Petersburg. This trend is reversed in 2015, where it is expected that the most populated cities will be coming from the east, specifically from less developed countries (Table 1).

Table 1. Population of the world’s largest metropolitan areas

in 1900, 2000, and 2015 (millions)

 

1990

2000

2015

Cities

Population

Cities

Population

Cities

Population

London

6.5

Tokyo

34.5

Tokyo

35.5

New York

4.2

Mexico City

18.1

Mumbai

21.9

Paris

3.3

New York

17.9

Mexico City

21.6

Berlin

2.7

Sao Paulo

17.1

Sao Paolo

20.5

Chicago

1.7

Mumbai

16.1

New York

19.9

Vienna

1.7

Shanghai

13.2

Delhi

18.6

Tokyo

1.5

Kolkata

13.1

Shanghai

17.2

St. Petersburg

1.4

Delhi

12.4

Kolkota

17.0

Manchester

1.4

Buenos Aires

11.9

Dhaka

16.8

Philadelphia

1.4

Los Anges-Long Beach- Santa Ana

11.8

Jakarta

16.8

Source: The World Bank 2007. 07 World Development Indicators citing O’ Meara 1999.

                United Nations Population Division, 2005, World Prospects: The 2005 Revision.

By 2015, it is projected that there would be 7.1 billion people on earth, more than half of them would most probably be living in urban areas since 49% of the population in 2005 are already urban population. From 1990 to 2005, it took 15 years to have additional one billion people. From 2005 to 2015, it is projected that there would be 0.7 billion more people in just ten years (Table 2).

Table 2. World and Urban population, 1990, 2005, 2015

Year

Total World Population

Urban Population

Percentage Urban

1990

5,256.3 M

2,253.0 M

43

2005

6,437.7 M

3,128.3 M

49

2015

7,165.8 M

       Source: The World Bank 2007. 07 World Development Indicators

The fast growth of the population and urbanization gives rise to greater complexity of the modern cities, puts stresses on resources and institutions in responding to the multiple human needs and demands, and poses challenges in coping with emerging socio-economic and political relationships and arrangements. The finite world has grown big in population and growth, but it has also become smaller as the space that used to be conquered after years of explorations can now be circled by a traveler in two or three days time. Real time communication has been made possible through advance technology. The globalization of the economy has made small transactions in the peripheries linked to the international economies. Politics encompass relations among nations, wars and conflicts continue, natural disasters transcend national boundaries, climate change is in, poverty prevails.

We have a diverse world. Each city has become more distinct, not just in term of tourism destination but in the way of life of its people. Post modernism characterized by relativism, deconstruction, and plurality has gained grounds and affecting the perspectives and programs of individuals, institutions and nations. Christianity that used to be just Roman Catholicism and Protestantism has no longer monopoly of the belief in Christ, as new faith groups emerge, claiming Christ as well. Within the “born-again” followers of Christ, a variety of church organizations, ministries, methods of services and mission strategies exist.

Keywords: contexualization, urban mission

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